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IP Lookup Location Finder (IP Address Tracker)

Country: United States
CountryCode: US
Region: VA
RegionName: Virginia
City: Ashburn
Zip: 20149
Timezone: America/New_York
ISP: Amazon.com
Org: AWS EC2 (us-east-1)
As: AS14618 Amazon.com, Inc.
Latitude: 39.0438
Longitude: -77.4874

What is a IP lookup tool?

A lookup tool to locate IP, provides the exact location information of an IP address. If you already know the IP address, you can instantly find out the city, state, zip code and country of an IP address.

An IP is your virtual address. Every device connected to the internet has an IP address assigned to it, which reveals its geolocation. When trying to track users IP, people may know details of your location. IP addresses help data find its destination and reach its intended online recipient.

The IP location may vary, and the result only shows an approximate location.

An IP locator does not provide personally identifiable information such as name, email address, telephone number, exact home address, etc.

Who owns the IP address?

The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) maintains and distributes IP addresses. This organization distributes IP addresses to various companies and organizations, which in turn assign them to their customers. However, they still retain their property.

Is it illegal to look up someone’s IP address?

IP addresses are publicly available and do not identify personal information, so checking someone’s IP address and using an IP lookup tool is legal.

What is the difference between IP lookup, IP checker and IP locator?

None. Although their names are different, they are exactly the same tool, and are designed to find your IP address and geolocation, as well as detect the ISP associated with your IP address.

What is reverse IP lookup?

Reverse IP Finder allows you to find all domains associated with a specific IP address. For example, you can check what other websites are stored on the server you use to avoid bad neighbors. Reverse IP lookup is also useful to find out how many websites are stored on the servers in order to avoid overcrowded web hosting.

Is this IP verification tool free?

The IP lookup tool is completely free and you can use it however you like. IP addresses are publicly available, so any Internet user has the right to verify them.

IP address location: understand how tracking can be done and what is myth

In specific situations, this issue appears in the case of Júlia, who is receiving unwanted messages via WhatsApp and sent a series of questions to find out if it is possible to trace the origin of the communication.

This is also the case for another reader, who wants to help his mother find out who might have hacked into her account after the account provider sent an alert reporting a login from a different city.

As a general rule, the IP address is a poor identifier, both for location and for specific individuals.

Most of the information useful for tracking a message will depend on court orders and the cooperation of access and enforcement providers.

In addition, you may receive false alerts about “unknown locations” due to inaccuracies in tools that estimate IP address locations .If you want to get to the bottom of it – and understand the relationship between IMEI, IP, MAC and your privacy – see below how it all works.

After all, what is the IP address?

“IP” is the acronym for “Internet Protocol”.

The address of this protocol is a number assigned to each computer connected to a network.

It’s not much different from a phone number, and there are even IP addresses that are similar to telephone extensions – they only work on the internet through a “switchboard”.

IP addresses that don’t work on the internet are technically called “private”, but many users refer to them as “fake IPs” – they are “fake” in the sense that the internet will only see from the access center, which is “

This configuration is common in any network where multiple devices (cell phone, TV, computers) are connected to the internet by a single IP address.

When the same Wi-Fi network is shared by several people, for example, it is possible that the internet only sees the router address of the owner of the connection. For the internet, it is as if all connected devices were one.

It is also possible to have more than one IP address at the same time. This is quite common on mobile: if you are connected to Wi-Fi and 3G or 4G network, each connection will assign an IP address to your mobile. As they are two different networks, each network assigns an address.

In this way, the IP address is a number that establishes the relationship of a device and a network it has connected to.

There is no fixed relationship between an IP address and a person or a place, but the internet provider that assigned that address.

How are IP addresses associated with cities?

Virtually any internet service – whether Facebook , Microsoft or Google , just to name a few – specifies an estimated location of hits based on IP address.

But if there is no relationship between IP and location, how is this possible?

The keyword is ” estimate “. It is a myth that the IP address always refers to a specific computer or location.

Fernando Amatte, director of the Red Team for Latin America at the digital security company Cipher, explains that IP addresses are distributed worldwide by the IANA (acronym in English for “authority for the assignment of internet numbers”)

The IANA reserves number ranges, or “address blocks”, for certain countries.

Each country has its own authority to redistribute addresses – in the case of Brazil, it is the Information and Coordination Center of Ponto BR (NIC.br).

In this way, it is possible to estimate a “rough” location from the IPs associated with each country by the IANA. But this does not help to estimate the precise location of users.

To do this, there are companies that specialize in matching IP addresses and location.

This information can be obtained from a variety of sources – from mappings obtained from providers to data collected from devices.

See examples:

– If you share your GPS location data on your cell phone with a website, the page will be able to accurately associate your location and the IP address you received from the provider

– In some cases, data such as a customer’s address in a store can be associated with the IP of the purchase to feed this data.

Many providers, even operating nationally, reserve IP address blocks for cities or neighborhoods – not for any technical limitation, but for the convenience of configuration.

The location data collected helps to understand this relationship created by the providers, allowing to estimate the location of who is using a specific IP address.

However, there is great variation over time. Amatte points out that there are more devices than IP addresses available, which means that there is a “turn around” in the use of these addresses . With this constant exchange, the data can become out of date.

As a result, these location estimates can be inaccurate, missing by up to thousands of kilometers. Any location estimates that do not rely on official provider data should be interpreted with caution.

“The only way for you to know exactly who is in which place – and that’s what the police use – is through the providers . If a crime happens, the lawyer, the police or someone has to ask the service provider for that, and it will tell you who was connected at that time and on that IP”, explains Amatte.

How can wrong location estimates hurt me?

The biggest risk is that you assume that your social network or email account has been hacked because the provider has detected an alleged access from a different location.

In fact, this different location could have been detected after a change in your provider’s configuration or because you used a different network than yours – a public Wi-Fi, for example.

It is a myth that an access from an unknown IP-based location always means that your account has been accessed by a third party.

In an extreme situation, just walking down the street with the cell phone’s Wi-Fi turned on so that “suspicious” accesses, from many different cities, are detected by the service.

Every Wi-Fi network your phone connects to has the potential to record a new location – even if it was all initiated by your own smartphone.

If you rely heavily on a service, it is not recommended to access it from alternate networks frequently . This tends to confuse security systems used to detect suspicious logins.

How can an IP address identify a person?

As the IP address identifies the ISP, it is he who owns the subscriber’s data. Although the IP address changes with each connection, ISPs are required by law to keep the connection history.That is, the provider knows all the IPs that a subscriber has already used, at each date and time.

It is possible to request to the Court that the internet provider inform the registration data of the subscriber who used a specific IP address at a specific date and time.

If the connection is identified by a Wi-Fi network or another intermediary, such as a company or an Internet café, other measures can be taken to help identify the person responsible: security cameras, employee records, payment details, and so on.

In the event of a crime, it is the police authority who must decide the best way to proceed with the screening.

Although this is the best way to proceed, it also does not solve all cases.

Amatte, from Cipher, recalls that there may be gaps in providers’ records and that very long and irregular Wi-Fi networks – created by equipment without approval that does not respect the power limit – can allow a connection to occur from a distant location. registered by the provider. “From this information, it’s a little ant’s work”, illustrates the specialist.

Can I get the IP address of a message?

Most of the time, you won’t have this information directly. Court intervention will be required.

Almost all communications on the Internet go through intermediaries. This is how a message you send to a person who is not connected can reach them even if they access the service when you have already disconnected your phone.

In the meantime, the message is in an intermediary, who can deliver the mail at any time.

In this way, your device (phone or computer) will only have access to the IP address of the service used and not the user’s, as there was no direct connection.

The social network or messaging service will have to inform the IP address of the user who sent a message or published the content, which will only happen with a court order.

If you want to obtain the IP of a person without the involvement of the Justice, you will have to use subterfuges, such as links or hidden images in emails, which generate direct access to a computer that you control and that can record that access.

But even that can be difficult as there are security measures in place to prevent this scenario. But even with the IP, you still won’t know who she is or where she is.

What is MAC address? Does it help with tracking?

The MAC (“Media Access Control”) is a physical address for local connections. Many people are mistaken about the usefulness of the MAC, because it is considered a “device identifier”.

That is, each connecting device has a unique and fixed MAC address. On that side, it looks like it would be excellent for identifying people on the internet.

The reality is practically the opposite of that. The MAC address is not propagated to the internet – it is local, and only serves for the router to identify a computer or smartphone. No website or service receives MAC from devices.

Also, for privacy reasons, it is not uncommon for systems to include a tweak to randomize the MAC.

The MAC address just needs to be different from the MAC address of other devices connected to the same local network (same Wi-Fi network, for example). Other than that, the same MAC can be used by multiple computers or smartphones at the same time.

In the sphere of security and privacy of networks, MAC enables some attacks on local networks. On the internet, no.

“In a local network, the MAC can make a difference. From the moment something went to the internet, it is already very far from that address. You can’t do anything else with the MAC”, explains Amatte, from Cipher.

It is a myth that MAC is for tracking devices. Anyone who talks about “tracking by MAC” is probably mistaken or talking about very specific circumstances.

What is the IMEI number?

IMEI is similar to MAC, but is used for connections to cellular networks and is therefore more regulated. It is unique, which helps to identify specific devices.

But just like the MAC, the first access point, the operator, is the only one to receive it and it is not forwarded on the connection. As a rule, there is no way to determine the IMEI of a device through applications.

If a message is sent over Wi-Fi from a canceled line, there won’t even be any IMEI involved in the communication.

As only the operator knows the IMEI of the device, it can inform if a certain IMEI is active in its network, for example.

The IMEI can also be registered on a block list to prevent stolen devices from being sold by thieves after the theft. But any attempt to get location is operator dependent.

According to Amatte, a specialist in digital security, “it would take privileged access within the telephone operator to gain some access to the location”. In this way, the IMEI will only be useful for tracking if the operator cooperates.

And, even if the operator cooperates, it is not known how useful this will be. According to Amatte, there are doubts about the possibility of the operator obtaining accurate location information.

Therefore, the subscriber’s data – who need to inform their address to contract the service – can be more useful to reach the person responsible for a communication.

It is a myth that the IMEI alone allows anyone to accurately locate a smartphone or access device data.

As the IMEI helps to identify devices, this number can be used to block connections to the mobile network. It’s useful for preventing stolen devices from making calls or accessing the internet through phone carriers, but other than that, most people will have no use for this number.

What can we understand from all this?

In practice, IP, IMEI and MAC addresses are not used to track someone directly .

In some cases, the IP address may be assigned to a specific company, with an address record and even the name of the person in charge.

If this happens, that company can be directly sued to explain the involvement of your IP address in an illicit or abusive transmission.

But the rule is that the IP is only linked to a provider, which will have to be sued in court to provide information about the subscriber who had that address at a specific time.

Therefore, knowing the time a message was sent or published is as important as knowing the IP address from which it came.There are no miracles to tracking a broadcast or device on the internet using only public information.

What exists are laws that oblige the guarding of the information that makes this tracking possible, and public data – such as information from providers – so that the correct companies can be brought to justice. – Login Admin


Default logins for

User name: admin
Password: admin

Login steps

After accessing your router’s admin panel at, you can change the default settings in your router software, here’s how!

  1. Type into your browser’s URL bar, often called the address bar. Did you receive an error message? So your router’s IP address is not . Find your router’s IP address by going to the following article. Once you find your router’s IP address, copy it back to the address bar.
  2. You should be able to enter the login panel; this is where you enter your router’s username and password. Did you forget your username and password? Follow these instructions to recover them. It is possible that you never changed your username and password. In that case, visit our list of default router usernames and passwords for the original login credentials.
  3. Now you should look at your router’s admin panel; here, you can modify all your internet and IP settings or even take full advantage of more advanced features.

Configure Your Router

Here are some of the most important router settings you might want to change. Of course, these are far from the only options that can be changed. Don’t be afraid to test them!

  • Change Your Router Login CredentialsThe first thing you should do after gaining access to your router’s configuration settings is to change your router’s default password. Almost every router login process is based on the same principle, including the D-Link router login process and the TPLink login process. So it doesn’t really matter what type of router you have, because the router login process is almost always (if not always) the same. To do this, you need to click on Settings and select the Reset Router Password option. Once you’ve done that, just enter a new password and save the settings before exiting your router.
  • Change the Router’s IP AddressAs far as the IP address of the local router is concerned, you can change it at any time. So how can you do this? Well, it’s actually quite simple! First, you need to access the router’s settings by typing the router’s IP address in the URL bar. In this case, the IP address is Then you need to enter your login credentials and once you gain access to your router, just click on Setup and choose Network Setup. Then go to Router Settings and enter a new IP address.
  • Configure Parental ControlsWhen it comes to parental control, your mission is to help protect children from inappropriate content that can be found online. There are two different types of parental control – filtering control and monitoring control. Control by monitoring lets you see what your child is doing online, while control by filtering lets you limit access to content, or even limit the amount of time they spend on the Internet. You can configure these settings as you see fit. Feel free to try them out and see what works for you.
  • Reset Router Factory SettingsThere’s a good chance your router has a built-in button called Reset or Reset. However, try not to use this button as it can actually initiate a factory reset of your modem. Instead, just unplug the router and modem from the power supply, leave them on for about a minute, and then plug them back in.
  • Updating Your Router’s FirmwareUpdating the router’s firmware is always a good idea. To do this, you need to go to the router manufacturer’s website and check if an update is available. And if you connect a new device to your computer, always choose the option called Home.

About IP Address – It is popular on NETGEAR and D-Link

You probably know that every device connected to the internet has its own unique IP address (Internet Protocol Address). There are two different types of IP addresses – private IP addresses and public IP addresses. And while every device connected to the internet has a unique IP address, now let’s focus on a specific IP address which happens to be one of the most popular IP addresses on the market, and that IP address is 192.168. 0.1.

What makes this address so popular? Well, the address is a private IP address which is usually the default address for certain broadband routers – mainly Netgear and D-Link models.

Private IP Addresses vs. audiences

Every computer has a public IP address assigned to the user by the internet service provider (ISP). This address must be unique across the internet. Your router, however, has a private IP address, and this address is only allowed on private networks.

Unlike your computer’s public address, your router’s private address does not need to be globally unique as it is not a direct access address. What this means is that your router’s private address can only be accessed from the private network. This is good for anyone who is not part of your private network to access the IP address

Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA)

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority (IANA) is a leading organization that handles IP addresses from around the world. This organization initially created a special type of IP address that we all know as IP version 4 (IPv4). IP version 4 is a 32-bit number that is usually expressed as four numbers separated by a decimal point.

Public IP Addresses

In the truest sense of the word public IP addresses need to be unique. At that time, this posed a problem for the IPv4 system as it could only accommodate about 4 billion different addresses. But IANA came up with a solution to this problem when they introduced the IPv6 standard. And as you can imagine, the IPv6 system supports many more combinations than the IPv4 system.

Private IP Addresses

The Internet Assigned Numbers Authority decided to make some blocks of numbers private. There are around 17.9 million different private IP addresses, all of which are reserved for use on private networks. This is one of the main reasons why a router’s IP address doesn’t have to be unique.

Whether it’s a large organization or just a small home network, the router assigns a private IP address connected to your network. All devices that are part of that network can connect using this private IP address. Another essential thing you need to know about private IP addresses is that they cannot access the Internet. In other words, private addresses must first establish an Internet connection through an ISP.

Configuring a Broadband Connection

First of all, you need to connect your broadband modem to the router. You can do this using a standard Category 5 Ethernet cable by connecting your DSL or cable modem to the router port marked Internet or WAN. Once you’ve done that, you can take another Ethernet cable and use it to connect your computer to one of the router’s LAN ports. If your router has a wireless connection, you can use your iPhone – or pretty much any other smart device – to connect to your Wi-Fi network.

IP adddress FAQ

1. What is 192.168.o.1.1 ? is the default IP address. The IP address always contains 4 sets of numbers ranging between 0 and 255. This is because each device connected to the internet is supposed to have a unique address. So, the first three sets are the network id, and the last set is the device id. In the network id is 192 and the device id is 168.0.1

2. How to log in to 192.168.o.1.1 / How to login into 192.168.o.1.1 / How to use 192.168.o.1.1

First, type in your browser’s address bar. Then, enter username and password, and then click OK or Login.

3. What are the (most common) default logins for 192.168.o.1.1 ?

The most common default logins for IP address are Username: admin , Password: admin

4. What is the (most common) default username for 192.168.o.1.1 ?

The most common default username for address is admin

5. What is the (most common) default password for 192.168.o.1.1 ?

The most common default password for address is admin

6. 192.168.o.1.1 – How to Access Router IP Address?

First, type in your browser’s address bar, Then, enter your username and password, and then click OK or LOGIN.
The most common default logins to access are – username: admin , password: admin

7. How to login into 192.168.o.1.1 / Hot to go to 192.168.o.1.1 / How to use 192.168.o.1.1

First, type in your browser’s address bar, Then, enter your username and password, and then click OK or LOGIN.
The most common default logins to access are – username: admin , password: admin – Login Admin


Default logins for

User name: admin
Password: admin

Follow these simple steps to log into your Router with an address.

  1. Connect the router cable to your computer. (You can also use a wireless network). Make sure the device is connected to the Wi-Fi network. Extra Tip – It is recommended to use a wired connection when making any changes to the router. This avoids the risk of being disconnected when clicking the Save button.
  2. Open your browser of choice and enter the router’s IP address in the address bar. You can find the IP on the back of your router box. If that doesn’t work, get the router’s instruction manual. The IP listed as Default Gateway is the correct one.
  3. Now enter your router’s default username and password to access the admin panel. ‘You can try the login credentials below. The default values ​​for admin are: root | user | admin If none of the above works, type your router name into your browser to find the default username and password. You will be redirected to the desired model configuration page, where you can manage network and router settings.


If you can’t log into your router, you’re probably typing in the wrong username or password. Also, remember to make a note of both after changing the default values.

  • Forgot Login Password? Try restarting your router. To do this, press and hold the small black button on the back of your router for about 10 seconds. This will reset your router to factory settings.
  • Router login page not loading? If the login page is not loading, make sure your device is connected to the Wi-Fi network. You can also check if your router’s IP address that is set as default is correct.
  • Some pages may not load or may be slow. In this case, your network is probably using a different IP address. If this happens, check our router IP address list and locate the correct address. If you need help with this, check out our tutorial on how to find your router’s IP address .

Brands using

  • Actiontec
  • Sagemcom
  • Siemens

FAQ IP adddress

1. What is 192.168 l 254.254? is a default IP address. The IP address always contains 4 sets of numbers ranging between 0 and 255. This is because each device connected to the internet is supposed to have a unique address. So, the first three sets are the network id, and the last set is the device id. In the network id is 192 and the device id is 168.254.254

2. How to log in to 192.168 l 254.254 / How to login into 192.168 l 254.254 / How to use 192.168 l 254.254

First, type in your browser’s address bar. Then, enter username and password, and then click OK or Login.

3. What are the (most common) default logins for 192.168 l 254.254?

The most common default logins for IP address are Username: admin, Password: admin

4. What is the (most common) default username for 192.168 l 254.254?

The most common default username for address is admin

5. What is the (most common) default password for 192.168 l 254.254?

The most common default password for address is admin

6. 192.168 l 254.254 – How to Access Router IP Address?

First, type in your browser’s address bar, Then, enter your username and password, and then click OK or LOGIN.
The most common default logins to access are – username: admin, password: admin

7. How to login into 192.168 l 254.254 / Hot to go to 192.168 l 254.254 / How to use 192.168 l 254.254

First, type in your browser’s address bar, Then, enter your username and password, and then click OK or LOGIN.
The most common default logins to access are – username: admin, password: admin

Myip, Whatsmyip, Myipaddress and Ip chicken


My is IP:
This is your IP.

If you want to know what your IP is, you probably know that sites like Myip, Whatsmyip, Myipaddress and Ip chicken are great for you to check out.

IP address (English: Internet Protocol Address), the address used by devices connected to the Internet or other packet-switched networks using the TCP/IP protocol to exchange data with each other over the network.

Each device connecting to the Internet is assigned an IP address by the Internet Service Provider, and other devices on the Internet reach these devices with the IP addresses given. Even if two different devices with IP addresses are not on the same network, they can communicate with each other through routers.

IP addresses are 32-bit in size for IPv4, which is currently in common use, and are represented by 4 8-bit numbers separated by dots. For example: (The IP address given in this example is defined as a private IP address and can only communicate in local networks, the device must have a public IP address in order to communicate with other networks.)

You can also connect to a web page server by typing in the IP address. However, since it is not practical to write these numbers, a domain name system corresponding to the IP address is used. A hierarchical system consisting of Domain Name Servers (DNS -Domain Name System), also found in Internet service providers, maps the information of which domain name corresponds to which IP address and directs users to the correct addresses.

This article is about the IP network protocol only. Internet Protocol (IP) is the basic communication protocol in the internet protocol suite for passing datagrams across network boundaries. Thanks to its routing function, it enables the internet to work and is an indispensable part of the internet. IP performs the packet delivery task from the source address to the destination address based on the IP addresses in the packet headers. To this end, IP defines packet structures that encapsulate data to be delivered. This method, which also defines the addressing methods, is used to label the diagram with source and destination information. IP was introduced as a connectionless datagram service in the original transmission control program by Vint Cerf and Bob Kahn in 1974. The Internet protocol suite is therefore often referred to as TCP/IP. The first major version of IP was Internet Protocol Version 4. IPv4 is the dominant protocol on the internet. Its successor is Internet Protocol Version 6 (IPv6). IPv6 has emerged from the necessity of increasing the number of devices connecting to the internet today and providing enough IP addresses to these devices.

Cyberus Technology – General Availability of Cyberus Secure Virtualization Platform


Today Cyberus Technology announces the general availabiliy of SVP, a fast, flexible and secure virtualization platform. SVP is a fully vertically integrated virtualization solution, designed to enable our customers’ use-cases with high performance and increased security.

secunet has adopted our fast and flexible Secure Virtualization Platform, SVP, as the base platform of SINA Workstation ⁴. SINA Workstation is a secure workstation designed for modern working in Public Administration.

Key Points:

  • General availability of SVP, a fast, flexible and secure virtualization platform
  • SVP drives the next generation of SINA Workstation, a secure workstation designed for the public sector
  • A microkernel-based architecture offers the flexibility to tailor the platform to a wide variety of use-cases
  • Support for GPU virtualization enables performant video conferences and improves battery life

Radically Flexible

SVP is based on the Hedron Hypervisor ³ and a microkernel-based architecture. This architecture enables enormous flexiblity and a feature-set that is well adapted to our customers needs.

For example we are currently shipping two different products, based on the same SVP technology, enabling two very different use-cases. Tycho ¹, an innovative malware analysis platform and the SINA Workstation ⁴, a secure workstation designed for modern working in public administration and certified for use with documents. On the research side we have pushed the possiblities even further with a project that enables the performance of a pass-through system, but still allows multiple virtual machines. These products and case-studies have significantly different usage models and feature requirements.

With Tycho you will find a configuration of SVP that runs a single, invisible virtual machine, tailored for Virtual Machine Introspection ². It is important that malware cannot detect the analysis environment and that the analyst has a good semantic overview of what is going on in the guest system. SVP enables this in its pass-through configuration.

Digital workspace with a SINA Workstation

On the SINA Workstation you will find the use-case for multiple virtual machines, a strong demand for performance – especially when it comes to video conferencing in the current times. SINA Workstation is targeted at the public sector and is certified for use with classified information, thus the system needs to be thoroughly tested to be a secure and stable system. SVP enables this use-case with a configuration that offers an API for Oracle VM Virtualbox⁵, graphics virtualization and an architecture that allows testing each and every commit. SVP has been certified for use with classified information by the German BSI.

Our research team has pushed the possibilities of the platform even further. We have built a prototype, which enables the system performance of a pass-through system, while still allowing multiple virtual machines. The prototype utilizes suspend and resume to switch between different virtual machines. This way the system offers near native performance and still allows instant switching between different virtual machines. The system can be combined with micro-VMs to transparently enforce fully encrypted network configurations.

SVP’s flexible architecture enables radically different use-cases

SVP is best-in-class when it comes to testing. We automatically test each and every commit on roughly three dozen different hardware platforms. SVP has completed more than 500k full test-cycles during the course of its development.

Microservices at the OS Level

SVP’s microkernel-based architecture enables a high degree of flexibility. The Hedron Hypervisor ³ implements the basic mechanisms needed to enable virtualization. Our SuperNOVA VMM enables a wide variety of useage models and work-loads.

SVP is a flexible system

SuperNOVA also allows us to easily plug modules on top of it. In the Tycho case we have the virtual machine introspection module, which enables these deep looks inside the guest system. In the Workstation case, we have a module that talks to Virtualbox, running in a normal Linux guest, and enabling a multitude of guest configurations. For our pass-through prototype there is an operating system switching module that utilizes suspend and resume to quickly switch between virtual machines.

Cyberus architect and co-founder Thomas Prescher explains the SVP architecture in a video conference

Graphics Virtualization – Making full use of GPUs in VMs

In times when working from home is ever more important there is a strong demand for video conferencing. Efficient video conferencing workloads require a lot of help from GPUs and GPU-heavy workloads have not been a lot of fun in VMs.

Modern GPUs support virtualization and have almost the same performance when used in virtual machines as using these cards natively. Unfortunately support in traditional virtualization stacks has been slow to follow.

GPU Performance compared

With the help from SVP, Virtualbox on the SINA Workstation now supports GPU virtualization out of the box. Video conferences are on track to be much more fun and we have even played a couple of virtualized games. In office scenarios GPU virtualization improves battery life, by taking load away from the CPU.

Performance testing with a game on SINA Workstation

The Road Ahead

With SVP Cyberus Technology offers a fast, flexible and secure virtualization platform to its customers. Cyberus offers full vertical integration and enables specialized use-cases and high efficency.

SVP’s existing feature-set is already strong and makes full use of modern virtualization hardware features. The roadmap for 2021 is packed with more interesting features and even better performance.

If you are interested in learning more, please contact us at: [email protected]

Read More

  1. Tycho
  2. Virtual Machine Introspection
  3. Hedron Hypervisor
  4. SINA Workstation
  5. Oracle VM Virtualbox

Source: https://www.cyberus-technology.de/posts/2021-01-27-svp.html

Development of a central platform for business interruptions at DB Regio Bus


The solution:

As a centrally commissioned Professional Service Partner, PROTOS Technologie GmbH supported the planning, integration and transfer of the application to DevOps operation. In order to ensure a smooth process between all those involved, one of the main tasks was internal and external stakeholder management.

In addition, the existing customer organization was taken into account when creating and adapting processes. As a certified IT service provider according to ITIL, a continuously developed application cannot simply be handed over to the standardized processes. Instead, solutions had to be found within the framework of the existing processes in order to integrate a DevOps-based project into everyday company life.

In addition to organizational challenges, various IT infrastructure requirements had to be implemented. DB Regio Bus has been using the infrastructure-as-code framework Terraform for several years. Therefore, the entire infrastructure was mapped using Terraform and combined with the software versioning technology GIT to enable reproducibility, testability and automatic rollbacks. An advantage for the DB Regio Bus lies in the mapping of infrastructure as program code. Changes to the infrastructure code are made fully automatically using the AWS Developer Tools (AWS CodeCommit and AWS CodeDeploy) and can be stored and documented centrally. You are therefore no longer tied to the original programmers and enable independent work.

The use of Terraform enables portability of the infrastructure into different environments. As a result of best-practice approaches, a staging and production environment was provided in order to be able to test changes and new features of the application before rolling it out into the productive system.

In order to be able to roll out changes to the application automatically, the rollout for the frontend, backend and dedicated API was automated in the same way as the infrastructure and for both environments using AWS CodeCommit, AWS CodeBuild, AWS CodeDeploy and AWS Pipeline as a CI/CD pipeline. Unit and integration tests of the application artifact within the CI/CD pipeline are also automated.

In order to maintain compliance requirements of the Deutsche Bahn Group, requirements such as end-to-end encryption in transit and encryption of data at rest were taken into account when developing the infrastructure code. In addition, the “least privilege” principle would be implemented in connection with role-based access concepts. The logging implemented by PROTOS Technologie also ensured that access to S3 buckets, application logs and real-time monitoring are noticeable at all times. Corresponding alarms are generated and the log data is stored in an audit-proof manner in a dedicated AWS account.

AWS services were used for the infrastructure components, such as AWS Beanstalk in the application backend, Lambda functions in conjunction with AWS API Gateway for API requests, S3 in combination with CloudFront for delivering web content, and AWS Cognito as an authentication service for external access.

The development team of the external IT service provider has no direct access to the AWS account and the application components provided in it within the process described. However, the team is informed about the respective status of CodeBuild / CodeDeploy actions within the CI/CD pipelines for each deployment and can act in the event of an error depending on the status message. In addition, application events are transmitted in real-time via AWS Kinesis to the IT service provider’s AWS account to enable more effective debugging of the application.

Source: https://www.protos-technologie.de/2021/10/19/aufbau-einer-zentralen-plattform-fuer-betriebsunterbrechungen-bei-der-db-regio-bus/

Rent Microsoft Office ProPlus via Office 365


Buying new Microsoft Office licenses is not always the best solution. In times of tight budgets, a rental model can also be an option. Microsoft has been offering for some time as part of the Office 365 Enterprise Module the possibility to rent Microsoft Office ProPlus, currently it corresponds to Microsoft Office 2013 ProPlus. Some of the special features of these rental versions that distinguish them from the boxed products are interesting. Among other things, these are:

  • User licenses instead of computer licenses
  • The user may use the software on up to 5 devices (also on Apple Mac, here then the corresponding Office for Mac)
  • If one of these devices is a Windows RT tablet, the license restrictions of the “Home & Student” version are lifted
  • The Microsoft Office grants a kind of SA (Software Assurance) that always allows the latest available version to be used
  • Under certain conditions, a terminal server can also be used with this office, otherwise extra licenses are required for this.
  • In addition to the normal MSI installation, there is also the “Click2Run” version of Microsoft Office. This is a streamed version but is offline capable and can be installed alongside other Microsoft Office versions without any problems. This is implemented with Microsoft App-V (Application Virtualization), but don’t worry, Microsoft will take care of that.

The question is what does it cost? Microsoft offers 3 channels with Office 365, these channels cannot be combined and can only be changed with effort. In addition to the number of users, the differences are the functions of the packages and the price.

P plans M plans E plans
number of users 1-25 1-300 1-x
Office included in P2 M E3, E4, Office only
SingleSignOn mit ADFS no And And
Hybrid mode for infrastructure no no And
Hosted Exchange enthalten And And Yes, not with “Office only”
Hosted SharePoint enthalten And And Yes, not with “Office only”
Hosted Lync enthalten And And Yes, not with “Office only”
Lowest price with Office
(per user per month)
12,80 € 12,30 € E3: € 19.00
Office Only: 12,90 €

The P-Plan for small businesses

The P-Plan is intended for small businesses and can be seen as a supplement to the Microsoft SBS (Small Business Server) and Essentials Server. It serves the infrastructure services Microsoft Exchange, SharePoint and Lync. Due to its focus on small customers and the self-employed, some functions such as SingleSignOn (there is an extra solution for SBS), compliance functions, AdminCenter, to name just a few. Due to the more attractive price of the new M-Plan, I would personally prefer this one.

If you would like to test the Office365 P2 plan (Office 365 Small Business Premium) with 10 users for free, you can register here.

The M-Plan for medium-sized companies – Office 365 Midsize Business

The M-Plan is intended for medium-sized businesses with up to 250 people; an unchangeable limit is 300 users. This should be taken into account when planning. The M-Plan is relatively new to Microsoft and aims to attract even more customers to Office 365. There are more functions than the P plan and the price is also more interesting in my opinion. Active Directory synchronization and the use of ADFS for a single sign-on should be of interest to most customers. An interesting feature that, like the P plan, is missing is the hybrid deployment of Exchange. Anyone who is already using Microsoft Exchange must migrate all mailboxes to the cloud. Also, not all administrative options are available as with the E-Plan.

Anyone who would like to test the Office365 M plan “Office 365 Midsize Business” for 25 users free of charge can register here.

The e-plan for large companies

The E-Plan is actually intended for enterprise environments, but there is no minimum purchase. There are also more modular options, it is only possible to book the services individually with the E-Plan (e.g. only Exchange Online or only SharePoint Online). Another special feature are the kiosk licenses for users without a fixed PC, here only access via the web apps is possible and the storage limits are significantly lower. Another advantage is that hybrid scenarios are supported. In the case of Microsoft Exchange, the cloud can be administered via an existing Exchange 2010 or Exchange 2013 environment and users no longer notice the transition between on-premises and the cloud. Only certain mailboxes can be moved to the cloud and the rest remain in the company. And a special aspect is that the CALs for the cloud also apply accordingly to the on-premise environment, which means that the user of an E3 plan also has the corresponding Exchange, SharePoint and Lync CALs for the servers in the company.

In general, the E plan is the plan with the most and most modular options. Unfortunately, it is not the cheapest with the Office Client.

Anyone who would like to test the Office365 E3 plan free of charge for 25 users can register here.

Office ProPlus without infrastructure services

And of course I would also like to offer the test variant for Office ProPlus without infrastructure services for testing.

Registration for the Office365 ProPlus test for 25 users.

Which is the right Office365 plan now

That depends on many other factors. At first glance, the M plan seems to be the most attractive, but there are some things that are beyond the scope of this article. Our tip: Ask someone who is familiar with it and who can give you the right advice for your needs.

All statements without guarantee. All price information are net prices without VAT and are as of May 8th, 2013. Source of the price information is the official Office365 website.

About the author

Fabian Niesen has been working as an IT consultant for years and worked at CONET Solutions GmbH in Hennef from May 2012 to July 2015. Among other things, he is certified as MCSA Windows Server 2012, MCSA Office365, MCSE Messeging, Microsoft Certified Trainer and Novell Certified Linux Administrator.

Source: https://www.conet.de/blog/microsoft-office-proplus-uber-office-365-mieten/

Disallowed cookie banners? Consumer center NRW sued Google


The North Rhine-Westphalia consumer advice center has sued the US tech group Google. According to consumer advocates, the design of the cookie banner in Google search violates both national regulations and EU directives.

The North Rhine-Westphalia consumer advice center has filed a lawsuit against the US tech group Google in the Berlin district court. According to an official statement by consumer advocates, the cookie banners in Google search violate national regulations and EU directives.

The banners are designed in such a way that “refusing the processing of cookies is considerably more complex than granting comprehensive consent”. Whether the current design of the cookie banner is permissible should now be determined Judge the district court of Berlin.

Cookie banners: With design tricks to disclose data?

The consumer center NRW accuses the US group that the company use creative tricks, in order to entice users into a “comprehensive disclosure of data”. Consumer advocates argue that refusing cookies should be just as easy as accepting them.

However, this is not the case in Google search. In order to avoid negligent data release, however, this is exactly what is essential. The consumer advice center therefore demands that cookie banners should clearly show users what personal data and information is being processed.

Google: Lack of transparency no coincidence?

The company would have to obtain additional consent from its users. According to the consumer advocates, adjusting or rejecting the settings is often too complicated. There is also much to suggest that this is no coincidence.

Google users only have to click once to agree to cookies. However, a rejection is only possible via a second level of the banner. Users must reject at least three different categories in order to accept the setting and return to the start page.

This so-called dark patterns According to the consumer advice center, users should “move to the most comprehensive possible consent to the processing of their data”. The Berlin Regional Court must now decide whether the search engine giant is violating national data protection regulations and EU directives.

Update (April 7, 2022): Google Announces “Decline All” Button

As the HE DOES reported, Google announced to the Hamburg data protection officer that it intended to provide its cookie banners with a “reject all” button. The function should be introduced gradually. According to data protection officer Thomas Fuchs, Google has also given a written commitment to introduce the button promptly.

Also interesting:

Source: https://www.basicthinking.de/blog/2022/04/06/unzulaessige-cookie-banner-verbraucherzentrale-nrw-verklagt-google/

Despite austerity measures, these devices belong on the grid


In times of rising energy prices, it goes without saying that you can save money by taking appropriate measures. However, it does not make sense to disconnect every device from the power supply.
Choosing the right equipment plays a crucial role here.

Constant stand-by mode is unnecessary for many devices

When dealing with many devices, it is correct to disconnect them from the power supply and not to leave them permanently in stand-by mode. In return, not every device may be taken off the grid.

If the devices are to be permanently connected to the network, their manufacturers will provide information about this in the operating instructions.

For example, a modern OLED television should always be connected to the mains in order to carry out a regeneration run for the display at night.

Constant stand-by mode is unnecessary for many devices
Constant stand-by mode is unnecessary for many devices – Bild: © Abe Mossop#9097759 stock.adobe.com

Different options when dealing with wireless routers

Ultimately, with the wireless router, it is less important whether the device is disconnected from the device at night or not. But this measure is not absolutely necessary and, in the worst case, produces unpleasant side effects. Nowadays it is common for most landline phones to be connected to the router. If the phone is disconnected from the router, no calls are possible during this time. To save electricity, it is sufficient to deactivate the WLAN signal at night.
A simple keystroke is usually sufficient for this. It is often also possible to set the router menu individually so that the WLAN module is automatically switched off at night and switched on again in the morning.

Options in dealing with WLAN routers
To save electricity, it is sufficient to deactivate the WLAN signal at night – Image: © escapejaja#191230473 stock.adobe.com

Inkjet printers do not always exhibit

With an inkjet printer, it also makes no sense to unplug the devices after each use. This is because the printers automatically go through a print head cleaning cycle each time they are disconnected from the mains and switched on again at a later point in time. So much ink is wasted in this control run that the financial loss involved is greater than that from the electricity consumed.

Source: https://www.blog.de/geraete-trotz-sparkurs-ans-netz/

What is IP address


There are exactly 4,294,967,296 IPv4 addresses, and some of them are more memorable than others. An IP address of a router that you are guaranteed to remember sooner or later, because it is the default IP address of most Linksys routers, is, and this article explains it all. is the default IP address used by broadband routers and home network gateway equipment. Network administrators use this address to configure a new router, or update the settings of an existing one. The same address can also be used on commercial computer networks.

Technically, a computer, printer or other device could be programmed to use this address, but it is not recommended. This often leads to IP address conflicts. belongs to the IP address range commonly used for private networks. The private IP address range starts with and extends to

What is the address for?

It is not always necessary to know the IP address of your router. Phones and other devices can find the router by name (SSID) whenever they need to go online.

However, knowing the address becomes important when you set up a new router or troubleshoot a home network.

To connect to a router that has an IP address of, open a web browser and type:

Then, log in to the router’s admin page, and access its settings. 

The procedure may fail for the following reasons:

  • The router has failed and does not respond to connections through the browser.
  • The router is configured to use a different address and not
  • The computer and your browser were unable to join the network.

If your router has the default admin id and password (admin/admin), the router is poorly secured and anyone can log into it. Change the default administrator password to protect your router.

How to determine your router’s IP address

If the router is not configured to use, check the documentation or the manufacturer’s website (using your cell phone) to find the correct default address and try again. Other common router default addresses are and, and there are others.

What to do when the router does not respond

Follow the suggestions below to resolve the network not responding issues. The problem could be with the router itself, the device, or the connection between the router and the software, such as cabling issues or wireless interference. 

restart the router

Unplug the router from the power outlet, wait a few minutes and plug it in again. Wait until all lights on the front of the router are on or flashing before trying to connect again.

Some routers occasionally need to be restarted after a power outage, due to incorrect startup, while the ISP’s own equipment was down.

Access ipconfig

In many cases, ISPs configure routers to use an internal network addressing scheme other than 192.168.1.x.

To find out what the default IP address of a router is, use the IPCONFIG command on a computer connected to the router, either through a wired or wireless connection.

To check the IP address

  1. Go to the  Start menu .
  2. Type  command prompt in the search bar  to display a list of possible matches.
  3. Select  Command Prompt  to launch the application.
  4. At the C: > prompt  , type  ipconfig  and press  Enter .
  5. Search for  default gateway .
  6. This gateway address is your router’s IP address.
  7. Open a browser and enter this IP address to log in to the router using the administrative ID and password.

Reset the router

If the reset doesn’t work, locate the reset button (usually on the back of the router) and press it until the router restarts. Some reset buttons are inside a small hole, and require a pin to push in. Check the manufacturer’s manual for specific instructions on resetting the router.

Also, check the documentation for the default administrative ID and password. After resetting a router, it reverts back to its default ID and password. So it’s a good idea to log in and change the administrative password to something other than the default.

Never reset a router unless you know what default administrative ID and password the router will revert to. Otherwise, you may have your router locked permanently.

It’s not always the router

Even if a router at is working properly, there may be problems with the wireless card configuration in your computer or even problems with the ISP.

There are many reasons why you might not get a good internet connection. It’s a good idea to be methodical when you troubleshoot your Internet connection until you find the problem.