Default Gateway

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Default Gateway

default gateway is the node that serves as a link between two computer networks , that is, it is the device that connects and directs data traffic between two or more networks.

This device, when connecting two Internet Protocol (IP) networks, will have:

  • a private IP address : to identify yourself within the local network ( intranet ),
  • a public IP address: to identify yourself within the external network ( extranet ).

Generally, in homes or offices, that device is the router and cable modem or modem – DSL , which connects the home or office local area network ( LAN ) with the Internet ( WAN ).

In companies, it is often a computer that directs data traffic between the LAN and the outside network, and usually also acts as a proxy server and firewall .Example

A network is made up of devices and a router :

  • Address of the devices (usually computers, can also be printers, etc.):
    • 192.168.4.3(computer 1)
    • 192.168.4.4(computer 2)
    • 192.168.4.5(computer 3)
    • 192.168.4.6(computer 4)
    • 192.168.4.7(computer 5)
    • 192.168.4.8(computer 6)
  • router:
    • 192.168.4.1(LAN private IP address), to communicate with the local network.
    • public IP address (WAN, Internet), to communicate with another network, usually assigned automatically by Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP), although it can be set by the Internet service provider (ISP).
  • Subnet mask:
    • 255.255.255.0

IP addresses from 192.168.4.1to can be used 192.168.4.254.

192.168.4.0The and addresses 192.168.4.255are reserved for special uses (network address and network broadcast address ).

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