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Occupational safety in the electrical field: The DGUV V3 test

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Employers in Germany are obliged to ensure the safest possible working conditions. This is intended to prevent accidents at work and thus improve the health and well-being of employees. In addition, the employers themselves benefit – through less absenteeism. In addition, this measure can prevent conflicts with the workforce, which often occur with low risk prevention. One measure in this area is the DGUV V3 test.
However, many entrepreneurs do not know exactly what this is and what regulations there are in this regard. This article is intended to answer all questions about the DGUV V3 exam.

Prevent hazards when handling electrical equipment

The DGUV V3 test serves to prevent hazards when handling electrical equipment. Although electricity is an indispensable source of energy in almost all companies, its use is associated with certain risks.

If a worker comes into contact with an electrical conductor, they will receive an electric shock, which can be dangerous.

In addition, short circuits can cause fires. This also poses a significant risk to employees. These dangers are significantly higher in commercial establishments than in private households, since devices that work with very high currents and voltages are often used here. However, it is possible to reduce the risks. If the electrical equipment has good insulation and intact protective conductors, the probability of an accident is low.
However, since the corresponding protective measures can lose their effectiveness over time, regular checks are very important.

Handling electrical equipment
The DGUV V3 test serves to prevent hazards when handling electrical equipment – Image: © Wosunan #560108292 stock.adobe.com

What is the DGUV V3 exam?

The last paragraph showed the dangers that electrical equipment can pose. However, it is possible to reduce this with regular testing. In order to design a uniform procedure for this, the German Social Accident Insurance (DGUV) has drawn up a corresponding set of rules.
Regulation 3 – abbreviated as DGUV V3 – deals with the specifications for electrical safety.

For which equipment is the DGUV V3 necessary?

The DGUV V3 is required for all systems and devices that are connected to the public power grid. On the one hand, this applies to the permanently installed systems in the building. This includes sockets, light switches, cables and fuse boxes. In addition, the test is required for all permanently installed, electrically operated machines.

It is also very important to ensure that the DGUV V3 also includes small, portable devices such as drills, computers or printers.

The DGUV V3 test is even required for devices that are actually not required for the work – such as the coffee machine in the lounge.

Check systems and devices
The DGUV V3 is required for all systems and devices that are connected to the public power grid – Image: © nuttawutnuy #549806937 stock.adobe.com

Is the DGUV V3 test mandatory?

In many companies, the question arises as to whether the DGUV V3 test is required by law – after all, accident insurance is not a legislative body. Nevertheless, this electrical test is mandatory. This is derived from the Occupational Health and Safety Act. The DGUV is merely the body that sets the relevant rules. If a company does not have this test carried out, it must expect considerable fines. Deliberate non-compliance can even constitute a criminal offence.

There is also another problem: If the employer did not have the DGUV V3 test carried out, there is no insurance cover. In the event of an accident at work, he is therefore liable.

What deadlines must be paid attention to?

In principle, the DGUV V3 test is required before the electrical installations and devices are put into operation. With many portable devices, however, this task is already taken on by the manufacturer. In this case, a new test before commissioning is not necessary – provided that the corresponding test report is available. It is also important to note that this is a recurring test.

However, how long the intervals are depends on the type of equipment and an individual risk assessment.

The inspector must therefore always note in the test log when the next inspection is required. The periods are usually between six months and two years.

Carrying out the electrical test

In order to carry out the electrical test in accordance with the rules, it is necessary to ensure that the procedure is correct. It is also important to draw up a test report and to ensure that the testers are sufficiently qualified.

Carrying out the electrical test
In order to carry out the electrical test in accordance with the rules, it is necessary to ensure that the procedure is correct – Image: © NewSaetiew #530205294 stock.adobe.com

Which standards have to be observed?

The exact specifications for carrying out the DGUV V3 test are not included in this regulation. For this purpose, it refers to various standards of the Association for Electrical, Electronic & Information Technologies (VDE). These contain detailed specifications for carrying out the test. Different VDE standards must be taken into account here – depending on the type of equipment involved and whether you are carrying out an initial test or a repeat test.

In most cases, however, a visual inspection is required first to detect obvious damage or improper use.

After that, it is important to measure various safety-related characteristics – such as the protective conductor resistance or the insulation resistance. Finally, in most cases, a functional test takes place.

The test log

After the examination, the examiner must create a protocol. It notes whether the relevant equipment passed the test and whether there are any defects.
Finally, it must state when the next test is required.

test protocol
After the examination, the examiner must create a protocol – Image: © APchanel #431105576 stock.adobe.com

Who is allowed to carry out the DGUV V3 test?

The examiners must have completed vocational training in the field of electrical engineering and have several years of professional experience. In addition, the Technical Rules for Operational Safety (TRBS) specify a number of other requirements.
It is not mandatory that it is an external auditor. However, since an external service provider also assumes liability, this is always recommended – even if there is a worker with the appropriate qualifications in your company.

Choosing a professional provider is important for the DGUV V3 exam

A strong partner for the DGUV V3 test not only guarantees legally compliant implementation.
In addition, you benefit from careful planning and fast implementation. In this way, the measure affects your production processes as little as possible.

Source: https://www.blog.de/arbeitssicherheit-im-elektrischen-bereich/

Austerity measures in the tech sector: Microsoft cuts 10,000 jobs Austerity measures in the tech sector: Microsoft cuts 10,000 jobs

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The reason is a new initiative to reduce costs. Also, open source password manager Bitwarden is buying Passwordless and Genesis is reportedly planning to file for bankruptcy this week.

Microsoft intends to present its quarterly figures on January 24th.
GERARD JULIEN/AFP via Getty Images

Good morning! While you slept, work continued elsewhere in the digital scene.

The top topics:

Job cuts in the tech industry are entering the next round: Microsoft announced on Wednesday that it will lay off 10,000 employees, or less than five percent of the company, by the end of the third quarter. CEO Satya Nadella said in a statement that the software manufacturer is adjusting the cost structure to sales and demand. It is not known which areas are affected. Nadella stressed that the software maker will continue to make hires in key strategic areas. Microsoft shares started US trading on Wednesday with slight gains, but then fell into the red.

Amazon also began Wednesday with previously announced layoffs. This is the largest job cut in the e-retailer’s 28-year history. More than 18,000 employees are expected to lose their jobs. [Mehr bei Axios, Bloomberg, CNBC, Handelsblatt, Reuters und Wall Street Journal]

On start-up scene: What do young professionals earn in startups, what do team leads earn? which Jobs are particularly lucrative financially? We’ll tell you all that and more today with an exclusive salary analysis, which we made on the basis of discussions with investors and data from the salary platform Figures.hr. Spoiler: Six digits is possible. [Mehr bei Gründerszene+]

And here are the other headlines of the night:

Der Open Source Password-Manager Bitwarden has the Swedish startup Passwordless bought. It is the company’s first known acquisition from California. The details of the deal were not disclosed. Passwordless specializes in helping developers integrate passwordless authentication technology into their software. Only recently had the rival of 1Password and Lastpass, announced its first debt financing since its inception in 2015, raising $100 million from PSG and Battery Ventures. The details of the deal were not disclosed. [Mehr bei Techcrunch]

The cryptocurrency lender Genesis Global Capital plans to file for bankruptcy later this week. This is reported by the Bloomberg news agency, citing insiders. A bankruptcy filing has been expected for weeks. Genesis, the parent company Digital Currency Group and creditors have exchanged several proposals but have not yet come to an agreement, the Bloomberg report said. [Mehr bei Bloomberg und Reuters]

the Bitzlato-Co-founder Anatoly Legkodymow has been arrested in the US on charges of money laundering. The majority shareholder and co-founder of the crypto exchange is said to have moved hundreds of millions of dollars. According to the Russian, who lives in China, customers of the stock exchange were also “known crooks”. Legkodymov was arrested in Miami on Tuesday. The Bitzlato website was blocked on Wednesday. [Mehr bei Handelsblatt und Techcrunch]

Spotify and other technology companies have called on the EU Commission to Apples App Store practices to stop. Apple is a pity for developers and end customers because the regulators are far too hesitant to act, according to a statement. In association with other companies, including the streaming service Deezerturned Spotify now again with an open letter to the EU Competition Commissioner Margrethe Vestager and called on her to intervene quickly. [Mehr bei The Information]

investments: wallapop, a peer-to-peer marketplace based in Barcelona, ​​has raised €81 million. The money is to be invested in activities in Spain, Italy and Portugal. Wallapop described the round as an extension of its Series G round it held in February 2021. The valuation of the Spaniards should now be 771 million euros. Sequoia Capital, a long-established venture capital firm, has raised a new $195 million seed fund. The funds are to be used to support founders in the USA and Europe. [Mehr bei Techcrunch und Techcrunch]

Our reading tip on Gründerszene: Person is one of the most valuable startups in Germany. Founder Hanno Renner is now planning an IPO. [Mehr bei Gründerszene]

Don’t want to miss anything? Then subscribe to our Gründerszene newsletter! It appears every morning at 8:30 a.m. and brings you all the important news straight to your inbox.

A nice Thursday!

Your Gründerszene editors

Source: https://www.businessinsider.de/wirtschaft/sparmassnahmen-im-tech-sektor-microsoft-streicht-10000-stellen/

Zone True Wireless Earbuds von Logitech [Anzeige]

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Bluetooth headphones have long since replaced the usual wired headphones. Because they are much more practical, whether for sports or leisure. But do the headphones also support working in the office and in the home office? We show how it works and introduce the Zone True Wireless Earbuds from Logitech.

The Zone True Wireless Earbuds are Bluetooth in-ear headphones that ensure good sound and sufficient quiet, especially in loud and hectic environments. This makes the earbuds particularly suitable for working in the home office. Even when things get hectic and noisy around you, you can concentrate on your work thanks to the integrated, certified, noise-cancelling microphone, ANC and all-round sound.

The Zone True Wireless Earbuds can be easily connected to your smartphone and your computer at the same time and controlled via the Logi Tune app.

Crystal clear voice thanks to six microphones

The special feature lies in the clear voice processing. Even though the Zone True Wireless Earbuds are small and handy, they have a total of six microphones built into them. We all know the situation in the home office: sometimes so many people take part in video conferences that individual voices and people are lost. With the Earbuds, Logitech makes sure that that doesn’t happen anymore.

By the way, this also works when you are not in the office or in the home office. The inner microphone captures your voice using bone conduction and combines with a material that cancels out wind noise to produce a professional sound. So you can theoretically take part in a video conference on the go.

No annoying noises thanks to hybrid ANC

But it’s not just your conversation partners who hear you perfectly thanks to the Zone True Wireless Earbuds. You also have the option to fully immerse yourself in your work and turn off all distracting noises. On the one hand, the integrated hybrid ANC blocks annoying noises so that you can fully concentrate on your work.

At the same time, the transparency mode is useful if you want to participate in conversations or hear traffic noise without taking out the earbuds on the go. Operating the earbuds is child’s play: simply use the Logi Tune app to switch them on and off, or tap the earbud quickly and easily.

Logitech

Modern design and good fit

The Zone True Wireless Earbuds have a modern and simple design, which means that they are not as noticeable as other Bluetooth headphones when worn. They are available in a beautiful dusky pink or plain grey-black.

Since in-ear headphones have to fit exactly to be comfortable in everyday life and at work, the Zone True Wireless Earbuds come with three different interchangeable gel cushions in different sizes. This allows Logitech to ensure that the noise result is as good as possible.

Suitable for work and leisure

Logitech headphones work with the most common telephony applications on almost all platforms and operating systems. These include Microsoft Teams, Google Meet, Google Voice and Zoom. Additionally, the earbuds are also compatible with other popular calling apps like Cisco Webex, BlueJeans, and GoToMeeting.

In addition to work, Logitech earbuds are also suitable for leisure and sports. So if you are looking for earbuds that are suitable for work and leisure, that are simple and modern and enable optimal sound, you should take a closer look at the Zone True Wireless Bluetooth Earbuds from Logitech at a price of up to 349 euros.

Find out more here

Source: https://www.basicthinking.de/blog/2022/12/15/zone-true-wireless-earbuds-logitech/

Secure your API with authorization and usage plans in AWS API Gateway

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If you haven’t read our first article about severless computing with Amazon API Gateway, you can read it here.

AWS API Gateway is a fully managed service that allows developers to create, publish, maintain, monitor, and secure APIs (Application Programming Interface) for their applications at any scale.

While initial setup of an API is quick and easy with Amazon API Gateway, it is important to protect and secure access to the services and data provided, so that no unauthorized access is possible.

One of the key features of API Gateways is the ability to protect your API with authorization and usage plans to ensure only authorized users can access your API and it is not overloaded with excessive traffic. This article explains the different authorization and usage plan options in Amazon API Gateway and how to configure them.

Authorization is an optional feature of API Gateways. You can choose to skip authorization entirely in your API or handle it in your integration backend.

If you decide to use authorization, there are good reasons (good reasons) to integrate it with API Gateway:

If authorization is desired in your API, integrating it with API Gateway can be a good choice for several reasons:

  • It consolidates your authentication logic into a single place
  • It protects your downstream integration from unauthorized requests, saving you costs and/or freeing up your resources
  • It can be cached, reducing the number of times your authentication service is accessed

Within this authorization step there are two options – authorization check and check against API key.

Authorization with custom authorizers, Cognito or IAM

The most common form of authorization is an actual authorization check. The request information can be examined to identify the caller of an API – either based on an HTTP header or a query string – and either allow or deny the request, depending on whether the caller has permission to call the API. There are three main ways to configure an authorization check in API Gateway:

Using IAM permissions over signed HTTP requests:

This method allows you to use AWS IAM policies to authorize API requests. This requires you to sign the HTTP requests with your AWS access key and secret key. This can be done using the AWS Signature Version 4 signing process.

Using tokens from a Cognito user pool:

If you use Cognito user pools for your authentication needs, you can use tokens from the user pool to authorize API requests. This method requires you to configure the required scopes needed for a specific API endpoint.

Creating your own custom logic in a custom Lambda authorizer:

If you need fine-grained authorization, you can write your own custom logic in a Lambda function and use that as custom authorization for your API gateway. Custom approvers give you complete control over the authorization process and can run any logic you need to authenticate and authorize the user. You can also include additional context in the request based on the user’s identity.

For a user-side API, the last two options are the most commonly used.

If you’re already using Cognito User Pools for your authentication needs, integrating with API Gateway can be an easy and convenient option. You can configure the required scopes for a specific API endpoint without writing your own logic.

On the other hand, if you are not using Cognito user pools or require more granular authorization controls, you can use custom Lambda authorizers. With custom authorizers, you have full flexibility to implement any authentication and authorization logic you want. You can also add additional context to the request based on the identity of the caller.

Source: Sample architecture diagram for adding authentication (AWS Cognito) and authorization (AWS Lambda Custom Authorizer) services to AWS API Gateway. For a detailed example of setting up an API Gateway authorizer, see this article from AWS: Building fine-grained authorization using Amazon Cognito, API Gateway, and IAM.

API Keys and Usage Plans

API key verification is part of the authorization process in API Gateways. You can configure the service to require API keys to be passed with each request. These keys are stored in x-api-key-Header passed, and requests without them will be rejected. Although API keys are often involved in the authorization process, they should not be considered the primary authorization method. They are not a precise method of identifying and authorizing users.

API keys are most commonly used for rate limiting and throttling users. AWS offers usage plans that allow you to associate API keys with specific limits. These plans can be configured with throttling limits (the number of requests allowed per second) and quota limits (the maximum number of requests over a given period of time).

Throttling limits can prevent a caller from overloading your downstream resources, while quota limits can be used to enforce limits on paid APIs or specific clients. Quota limits allow you to set a maximum number of requests over a certain period of time, e.g. B. set a day, a week or a month. This allows you to enforce restrictions for a specific customer. This is especially handy if you offer a paid API where a user gets a certain number of calls per month.

By default, usage plans are capped at 300 per account per region, but you can request an increase if needed.

summary

Overall, API gateways offer a range of options to protect your API with authorization and usage plans. While it’s not necessary to tie authorization into your API, implementing authorization in API Gateway can provide protection and save money and resources for your downstream integrations. There are three options for authorizing requests: Cognito User Pools, AWS IAM, or a custom Lambda authorizer. API keys can also be used to throttle requests from specific users. The authorization check is performed before the API key check. You have the option to use one, both, or neither of these checks in your API.

Source: https://www.protos-technologie.de/2023/01/17/sichern-sie-ihre-api-mit-autorisierung-und-nutzungsplaenen-in-aws-api-gateway/

Deceptively real phishing emails in circulation

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The PayPal payment service is currently dealing with a wave of phishing emails. The problem with this: The e-mails from the fraudsters look deceptively real and come from the official e-mail address.

In the third quarter, the online payment service PayPal had 432 million active accounts worldwide. Around 5.64 billion transactions were made. For comparison: In the previous year, the number of users was 416 million, an increase of around four percent.

No wonder, then, that scammers are also particularly interested in the payment service. Phishing emails that look deceptively real are currently in circulation, such as Welt first reported.

Why do phishing emails look so real?

Users can often unmask fraudulent emails in one simple step. Because these usually come from dubious e-mail addresses, which you can see at first glance that they cannot be real.

But this is not the case with the phishing wave currently circulating at the popular online payment service. Because the e-mails come directly from the address [email protected], via which users normally also receive notifications.

Sea Welt the e-mails also come directly from the Paypal servers. It is therefore almost impossible to expose them as fake.

The scam behind the PayPal scam

The e-mails, which supposedly come from the online payment service, fool users into believing that they have sent a payment. In an example from Welt “A $479 payment was sent to Coinbase Corporation.”

As the email progresses, customers are then prompted to call the PayPal helpdesk number if they have not initiated that payment.

If this number is actually called, the scammers ask for the password and the security code sent via SMS. This gives them access to the account where they can withdraw money as they please.

How can you still recognize the fake?

A spokesman for the company explained opposite Welt following features to expose the e-mails as fake despite all attempts by the scammers.

The text also contains spelling mistakes, a foreign currency, an apparent urgency and an impersonal (general) form of address.

German Paypal customers can also prick up their ears at another point. So far, the mails have only been written in English.

PayPal has also been using the paypal.de domain for its email traffic in Germany since 2018. So far, however, the mails have all come exclusively from the domain paypal.com.

Also interesting:

Source: https://www.basicthinking.de/blog/2022/12/15/paypal-phishing-mails/

Activision acquisition: EU reports concerns

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Microsoft could get an antitrust warning. Also: Didi Chuxing gets permission to restart and Bitcoin on course for recovery.

Microsoft emphasized that it wants to discuss possible concerns with the authorities.
Rafael Henrique/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images

Good morning! While you slept, work continued elsewhere in the digital scene.

The top topics:

The takeover of Activision Blizzard by Microsoft met with growing resistance in the EU. As the “Handelsblatt” reports, the EU has raised concerns about the 69 billion US dollar deal. According to an insider, the EU will soon send the US software company a list of concerns. The competition authorities want to decide by April 11 whether to approve the deal. With the takeover, Microsoft would become the third-largest provider in the gaming sector.

About a year ago, Microsoft announced the purchase of the makers of the video games “Call of Duty” and “Candy Crush”. The software group tries to compete with competitors like Sony and Tencent to withstand. Not only the EU, but also the US antitrust authorities fear that the purchase will adversely affect competition. The Activision deal would be the most expensive acquisition in Microsoft’s history. [Mehr bei Handelsblatt und Reuters]

On the founding scene: More than half of all start-ups fail due to psychological problems, such as stress and burnout. Based on these facts, Natascha Prieß and Gerjet Efken founded their startup. with Accelerate Health they want to help founders to maintain and regain their mental health. In a podcast interview with editor Nina Anika Klotz, they reveal how. [Mehr bei Gründerszene]

And here are the other headlines of the night:

The Chinese authorities have Didi Chuxing granted permission to acquire new customers. The Didi apps are approved again in China’s app stores. The announcement marks the end of a government cybersecurity probe. Less than 12 months ago, the ride-hailing service provider had to withdraw from the New York Stock Exchange after making its market debut. [Mehr bei Financial Times, The Information, Techcrunch und Wall Street Journal]

the Bitcoin 2023 has started positively. The price of the world’s largest digital token has risen by around 26 percent since the beginning of January. At the start of the week, the price climbed above the $21,000 mark. After FTXcollapse, bitcoin had temporarily crashed to $16,000. However, the recent recovery is a far cry from the record high of $68,990 set in November 2021. According to experts, a number of factors are behind Bitcoin’s rise at the turn of the year, including the likelihood of interest rates being cut and buying by large customers. [Mehr bei CNBCund Wirtschaftswoche]

Tesla has come under criticism for allegedly poor working conditions at its plant in Grünheide near Berlin. The head of the SPD employee wing, Cansel Kiziltepe, told the “Handelsblatt” that Tesla was the only car manufacturer in Germany without a collective agreement. According to IG Metall, there is dissatisfaction with the employees about stressful shift systems, numerous overtime hours at weekends, an extremely high workload and too few staff. [Mehr bei Handelsblatt und Reuters]

The paragraph of electric vehicles exceeded a global milestone last year. According to new data and estimates, deliveries reached a market share of around ten percent for the first time, which is mainly due to strong growth in China and Europe. While EVs still make up a fraction of car sales in the US, their share of the overall market in Europe and China is growing. [Mehr bei Wall Street Journal]

A package of laws from the European Union (EU) that provides organizations in various sectors with stringent protection against Cyberangriffe obliged, came into force on Monday. As the “Handelsblatt” reports, the directive “on measures for a high common level of cyber security” (in short: NIS 2) could pose major problems for the German economy, as the requirements are considerable. “Right now, probably 80 percent of companies don’t know they’re affected by NIS 2,” said Timo Kob, founder of an IT security consulting firm. [Mehr bei Handelsblatt]

Our reading tip on Gründerszene: “Chief Heart Officer” conquer the boardroom. But everyday work with them is not nearly as rosy as their title suggests. These are the new absurd positions in the C-level. [Mehr bei Gründerszene]

Don’t want to miss anything? Then subscribe to our Gründerszene newsletter! It appears every morning at 8:30 a.m. and brings you all the important news straight to your inbox.

Happy Tuesday!

Your Gründerszene editors

Source: https://www.businessinsider.de/gruenderszene/business/activison-uebernahme-eu-meldet-bedenken-an/

Commuting by bike is electrifying – and picking up speed

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For a long time, e-bikes were particularly popular with older people who wanted the motor to help them pedal. But now there are signs of change. Because e-bikes are also becoming increasingly popular among young people and especially among commuters.

According to a recent statistic from fitness tracking provider Strava, e-bikes are becoming increasingly popular for commuting. According to this, 58 percent of the people in Berlin alone use electric bicycles to get from their place of residence to work – and back. This puts the German capital in the top five in a global comparison.

The probability of commuting with an e-bike is 30 percent higher than with classic bicycles. Compared to last year, the general use of e-bikes also increased. According to Strava, 26 percent more e-bikes are now being used than in 2021.

E-bikes are becoming more and more popular

However, the use is not distributed equally across all age groups, but there is an upswing in the generation of baby boomers. This development can be attributed to various factors. On the one hand, motorized bicycles are becoming more and more affordable and thus attractive to more and more people.

On the other hand, they offer an environmentally friendly alternative to the car or public transport. The improved infrastructure for cyclists also contributes to this trend – also because many large cities now also offer rental bikes.

Electric bikes: the corona crash seems to be over

According to Strava, more and more women are cycling to work. (Image: Strava)

Due to the corona pandemic, the use of bicycles to get to work has dropped by a full 15 percent due to home office and lockdown. In the meantime, however, the trend seems to have broken and the level from 2019 has almost been reached again.

And this despite the fact that working from home is still increasing in many places. According to de, annual review by Strava, more users than users use their bikes again to get to work.

Also interesting:

Source: https://www.basicthinking.de/blog/2022/12/15/e-bikes-pendeln-per-fahrrad-strava/

Ubisoft Winter Sale – Huge discounts on all top titles and an additional 10 euro extra discount [Anzeige]

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From December 15, 2022 to January 5, 2023 the Ubisoft Winter Sale will take place. During this period you save up to 75 percent on many video games. We present you the best deals.

In addition to the normal discounts, you can also save at Ubisoft starting today: From a purchase of 20 euros you save an additional 10 euros with the code “HOLIDAY22”! You can also combine several products to get the purchase value. The decisive factor is that the amount in the shopping cart is more than 20 euros.

To give you a better overview of which deals you can save on in the Ubisoft Winter Sale, we present the best offers below.

To the Ubisoft Winter Sale

Ubisoft Winter Sale: Try Assassin’s Creed Valhalla for free

You can also try Assassin’s Creed Valhalla for free from December 15th to 19th. If you like the game, you can then (or directly) buy it at a heavily discounted price from the Ubisoft Store.

There you can get the standard version in the winter sale until January 5, 2023 for only 19.80 euros for PC. And with the code “HOLIDAY22” you can even get the Assassin’s Creed Valhalla Ragnarök Edition for just 25 euros instead of the usual 99.99 euros.

Save an additional 20 percent

With the Ubisoft loyalty program you save an additional 20 percent on your shopping cart! You always have the option to exchange 100 units at Ubisoft for an additional 20 percent discount on your entire shopping cart. This excludes virtual currency packages, subscription services and physical products (books, comics, etc.).

Being quick is worth it! In the Ubisoft Winter Sale you not only get your video games with a discount of up to 75 percent, with the code “HOLIDAY22” you save another 10 euros from a purchase value of 20 euros and with the Ubisoft loyalty program an additional 20 percent.

To the Ubisoft Winter Sale

Source: https://www.basicthinking.de/blog/2022/12/15/ubisoft-winter-sale/

World record: Elon Musk loses the most personal wealth of all time

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As of November 2021, the tech billionaire has lost $182 billion. Also: The boom in laptops and PCs is over and Bosch is investing one billion US dollars in China.

Elon Musk in the Tesla Gigafactory Grünheide near Berlin.
picture alliance/Patrick Pleul, dpa

Good morning! While you slept, work continued elsewhere in the digital scene.

The top topics:

Elon Musk made it into the Guinness Book of Records, albeit with a negative record. The London firm announced its world record for the largest loss of personal wealth of all time. According to this, the tech billionaire has lost around 182 billion US dollars since November 2021, other sources speak of up to 200 billion dollars. The net worth of the boss of Twitter, Tesla and SpaceX “Has fallen from a peak of $320 billion in 2021 to $138 billion in January 2023, largely due to the poor performance of Tesla stock,” the statement said. According to the Guinness Book of Records, the exact loss in value is “almost impossible to determine”.

Musk’s loss surpassed the previous record of $58.6 billion set by Japanese tech investor Masayoshi Son in 2000. In December, the Tesla boss had already lost his title as the richest person in the world. [Mehr bei The Guardian]

On the founding scene: Did you know that Lea-Sophie Cramer spends an average of 55,000 euros when she invests in a tech company? No? We thought so. Therefore, we have created a list for you and evaluated which known ones Business Angels usually how much money to put into a startup. [Mehr bei Gründerszene+]

And here are the other headlines of the night:

The worldwide PC paragraph experienced a record slump in the fourth quarter of 2022. According to figures from the consulting firm Gartner, sales fell by 28.5 percent to 65.3 million units. The boom in laptops and desktop PCs triggered by the pandemic is over. According to Gartner data, remains Lenovo the world’s largest PC supplier, with an unchanged market share of 24 percent HP and Dell. [Mehr bei Handelsblatt]

Bosch invests around 950 million euros in a new center for research, development and production in China. The investment in Suzhou is the second largest single investment in the company’s history after the chip factory in Dresden. “This is an important step on the way to future mobility in the world’s largest car market,” said Bosch boss Stefan Hartung. 10,000 people already work in Suzhou, producing components for electromobility and automated driving. [Mehr bei Bloomberg und Handelsblatt]

Hewlett Packard Enterprise (HPE) has the startup Pachyderm acquired, whose software helps machine learning engineers manage data. The terms of the deal and the purchase price were not disclosed. The purchase reflects the trend that more and more companies want to analyze the data they generate in order to develop machine learning-based applications. [Mehr bei The Information und Techcrunch]

TSMC anticipates a drop in sales. Revenues are expected to fall in the current quarter for the first time in four years, by up to five percent year-on-year. With the message he sends Apple-Suppliers send a red flag to the global economy. Demand for smartphones and notebooks is currently falling. [Mehr bei Handelsblatt und Wall Street Journal]

SpaceX could launch its Starship rocket as early as February or March. CEO-Elon Musk first shared the launch goal last week. On Thursday, the space company tweeted that the first flight test will take place “in the coming weeks” after the company completes some final testing. If all goes as planned, the upcoming test could be the first time the giant rocket has reached orbit. The Starship rocket wants to take people to the moon. [Mehr bei The Information]

Our reading tip on Gründerszene: “I couldn’t pay the rent anymore”. The former enlisted man Marcus Zanatta ended up on the street at times. To get back on his feet, he founded a startup. [Mehr bei Gründerszene]

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Happy Friday!

Your Gründerszene editors

Source: https://www.businessinsider.de/gruenderszene/business/weltrekord-elon-musk-verliert-das-meiste-privatvermoegen-aller-zeiten-a/

Cross-border online purchases: what exactly is geo-blocking?

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At Christmas time, the Federal Network Agency is asking the German population to report so-called geo-blocking. But what does the term actually mean? The backgrounds.

In order to give their loved ones some Christmas cheer, most people are again looking for gifts on the Internet this year. According to forecasts, online trade will account for around 17.6 percent of Christmas sales in Germany in 2022.

But most users know that not every online shop can be reached from anywhere. The reason for this is called geoblocking. And that’s not always right.

The Federal Network Agency therefore recently asked consumers to report so-called geo-blocking violations when making online purchases.

What is geo blocking?

However, some people are probably asking themselves the question: What is geoblocking anyway? Put simply, this is a country lock. According to Techopedia This restricts users’ internet access based on their location.

This means that companies and website operators store the physical locations of user IP addresses in databases. Depending on where consumers are located, they can then only access certain content to a limited extent due to their location.

Why is there geoblocking?

There are two main reasons for geo-blocking: On the one hand, copyright plays an important role. Streaming services in particular often offer completely different national libraries.

Behind this are the respective license agreements between the website operators and the owners of the content. For example, Netflix offers a different catalog in the USA than in Germany.

In some countries, people can also not access certain content due to censorship reasons. This mostly comes from the government. For example, people in Iran cannot use AirBnB due to US sanctions laws.

Geoblocking: the legal situation

Geo-blocking is basically legal. This is especially true when it comes to streaming offers. In other areas, however, things are different. For example, the Council of the European Union describes geo-blocking as a discriminatory practice when it prevents member states from buying goods from each other.

A 2018 EU regulation aims to end unjustified discrimination in online purchases based on nationality, place of residence or place of establishment within the single market.

This means that consumers should have the same access to offers as locals, regardless of their location. This applies equally online and in stationary retail.

Of course, there are also exceptions to this regulation: streaming services or services in the financial, health or transport sectors are not covered by the regulation.

This is how the geo-blocking regulation is implemented in Germany

In Germany, the Federal Network Agency is responsible for enforcing the regulation. As soon as consumers complain, the authority contacts the relevant providers and asks them to take proper action.

Fine of up to 300,000 euros

If a German company violates the European geo-blocking rules, the Federal Network Agency can issue orders and impose fines of up to 300,000 euros.

In the event of violations by providers from other European countries, the Federal Network Agency calls on the national authority of the EU country concerned to take measures.

The complaints received by the Federal Network Agency in 2022 mainly concerned cross-border purchases of goods, but also obstacles to accessing certain apps that can only be used nationally. So far, the companies have stopped their violations of the geo-blocking regulation in all cases.

Here’s how to bypass geo-blocking

There are already various methods to circumvent geoblocking. Here we present the four most common options.

Option 1: VPN

The best known and most effective option is to use a VPN. Using the private network connection, you mask your real IP address and replace it with that of another country. This will change your online location and bypass geo-blocking.

Option 2: Proxy server

With a proxy server you can put a middleman between you and the desired website, so to speak. A proxy server also has an IP address. So when you connect to the internet this way, your IP will change before you are redirected to the actual content.

Option 3: Tor Browser

You can also bypass geo-restrictions with the Tor browser. Just like Chrome and Safari, you can open websites normally. However, a Tor browser also allows you to access special “.onion” pages.

Option 4: Smart DNS or DNS changer

The so-called Domain Name System (DNS) makes domain names such as Facebook readable. With Smart DNS or DNS changer you can change DNS servers on your device from local to DNS servers in another country.

While all of these methods are common and legal, that doesn’t mean they’re morally right. In addition, bypassing the country blocks of many streaming services violates the terms and conditions.

If you try anyway, the relevant providers can, in the worst case, permanently exclude you from using the offer.

Also interesting:

Source: https://www.basicthinking.de/blog/2022/12/15/grenzueberschreitende-online-einkaeufe-was-ist-eigentlich-geoblocking/

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